Alliteration: This is a repetition of the initial sounds of several words in a group.
Allusion: This is a reference in one literary work to a character or theme found in a well known work..
Apostrophe: A figure of speech where the speaker talks to a nonhuman object.
Assonance: The repetition of vowel sounds in a piece of literature.
Ballad: A story in poetic form.
Cacophony: Cacophony is an unpleasant combination of sounds.
Euphony: A pleasant combination of sounds.
Caesura: A pause within a line of poetry.
Conceit: A improbable simile or metaphor.
Connotation/Denotation: A denotation is the words dictionary definition, a connotation is its emotional content.
Consonance: The repetition of consonant sounds with differing vowel sounds in words near each other in a line or lines of poetry.
Couplet: A stanza of two lines, usually rhyming.
Diction: An author's choice of words.
Elegy: A lyric poem lamenting death.
Didactic Literature: Literature designed explicitly to instruct.
Epithet: In literature, a word of phrase preceding or following a name which serves to describe the character.
Euphemism: A mild word of phrase which substitutes for another which would be undesirable because it is too direct, unpleasant, or offensive.
Figure of Speech: A mode of expression in which words are used out of their literal meaning or out of their ordinary use in order to add beauty or emotional intensity or to transfer the poet's sense impressions by comparing or identifying one thing with another that has a meaning familiar to the reader.
Hyperbole: A bold, deliberate overstatement.
Iamb: The most common metrical foot
Imagery: The elements in a literary work used to evoke mental images, not only of the visual sense, but of sensation and emotion
Irony: Verbal irony is a figure of speech in the form of an expression in which the use of words is the opposite of the thought
Lyric Poem: poems in which the speaker's ardent expression of a (usually single) emotional element predominates.
Metaphor: A figure of speech in which a word or phrase literally denoting one object or idea is applied to another.
Meter: A measure of rhythmic quantity.
Metonymy: A figure of speech involving the substitution of one noun for another of which it is an attribute or which is closely associated with it.
Narrative Poem: The narration of an event or story.
Paradox: A statement which contains seemingly contradictory elements or appears contrary to common sense
Personification: A type of metaphor in which distinctive human characteristics.
Rhyme: In the specific sense, a type of echoing which utilizes a correspondence of sound in the final accented vowels and all that follows of two or more words
Rhyme Scheme: The pattern established by the arrangement of rhymes in a stanza or poem, generally described by using letters of the alphabet to denote the recurrence of rhyming lines.
Rhythm: An essential of all poetry, the regular or progressive pattern of recurrent accents in the flow of a poem.
Scansion: The analysis and graphic display of a line's rhythm.
Simile: A figure of speech in which an explicit comparison is made between two essentially unlike things.
Synecdoche: A figure of speech in which a part of something stands for the whole or the whole for a part.
Synesthesia: The perception or description of one kind of sense impression in words normally used to describe a different sense.
Theme: The central idea or topic of a work.
Tone: The poet's or persona's attitude in style or expression toward the subject.
Understatement (litode): the presentation of a thing with underemphasis in order to achieve a greater effect.
Quatrain: A poem, unit, or stanza of four lines of verse.
Enjambment: The continuation of the sense and therefore the grammatical construction beyond the end of a line of verse.
Slant Rhyme: A rhyme in which the sounds are similar, but not exact.